DNS server can be configured as follows:
1) Primary→It is a read and write copy and acting as primary.
2) Secondary → It is a backup copy of primary. Any example situation where we will use this.
3) Stub zone →Stub zone contains name server information or name server records and SOA records (Start of Authority) Stub zones provide fault tolerance & load balancing besides providing the name server & SOA record information.
Stub zones are useful for resolving the query faster.
4) Active Directory Integrated zone → It will create these zones when you want to save the zone data with Active directory.
5) Forwarders → If the query is not resolved by our local DNS servers, these forwarders will pass the query on to the other DNS servers for resolution.
6) Root Server → There are 13 root servers in entire Globe, maintains ‘.’ Domains (root domains).
7) Caching-only server → These DNS servers will cache the recently resolved request and provide the same information to the same kind of another request which is coming in.
Right Click on Zone select→ New
Provide Zone Name
Select the master DNS server.
Zone transfer is a process of transferring the zone from primary to secondary or secondary to primary. Zone transfers occur when there is a change or modification taken place on either of the zones.
Zone transfer setup:
On Primary DNS
Open DNS – Right Click on zone Properties
Zone transfer – checkbox allows zone
Select only to the following servers
Specify the secondary DNS servers IP address
In the new zone wizard, you just need to check the below-highlighted option to create AD integrated zones.
In the new zone, wizard selects stub zone.